Daniel Lee


108 WINDOWS 1996

Han-Sun Temple, in Eastern China, was famed for the far-reaching sound of its ancient bells. The bells were traditionally rung 108 times on special occasions, including New Year’s Eve. Each toll of the bell reverberates through one of the 108 windows in the Buddhist underworld as a means of expressing its blessing to the entire 108 entities in the circle of reincarnation.

Chinese Buddhism believe that there are six basic levels of entities in reincarnation: Fairies, Humans, Guardians, Demons, Hell Prisoners and Animals. Through these cycles of transformations, man has inherited certain traits from his inhuman counterparts and molded them into his nature.

Inside my Temple, there are portraits of 108 beings. The Temple with 108 Windows reminds us of our past and asks where are we going.

- Daniel Lee


  • 2016
    “Looking Glass/Daniel Lee Retrospective” at Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2014
    “Daniel Lee/Metamorphing” at OCT Art Center, Shanghai, China
  • 2014
    “Trans-Presence” at Art Center of Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan
  • 2012
    “Trace to the Origin: Daniel Lee Retrospective” at Luoca Art Center, Xiamen, China
  • 2011
    “Animal Instinct / Photographs of Daniel Lee” at San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, Texas, USA
  • 2009
    “Then, Now & Next” at Tangram Art Center, Shanghai, China
  • 2008
    “Daniel Lee 1993-2007 Retrospective” at Tsing Hua University, Beijing, China
  • 1997
    “108 Windows” at O.K. Harris Works of Art, New York, USA


  • 2004
    “Whitstable Biennale, Featured Artist” at Whitstable Biennale, Kent, UK
  • 2003
    “Limbo Zone” at 50th Biennale, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Venice, Italy